Descriptive research includes both quantitative and qualitative data and uses these types of data to describe the population being observed. For example, someone interested in why certain groups of trees are dying, while others of the same type and in the same location are thriving, can observe the trees and their surrounding environment to come to a preliminary decision.
At its core, this is descriptive research. Descriptive research is mostly used in the beginning of researching a topic or phenomenon. Observation provides the initial information needed for the researcher to form a hypothesis about the topic. Someone who is studying the effects of a river on wildlife can observe the wildlife near and far from the river to come up with a few basic ideas about how the two items are connected.
This information is valuable as the research moves into is next steps, where experiments find more provable, concrete data. There really is no right or wrong answer in a case study. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Martyn Shuttleworth Apr 1, Case Study Research Design. Retrieved Sep 11, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4.
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Questions should be written so they are clear and easy to comprehend. Another consideration when designing questions is whether to include open-ended, closed-ended, partially open-ended, or rating-scale questions for a detailed discussion refer to Jackson, Advantages and disadvantages can be found with each type:.
Open-ended questions allow for a greater variety of responses from participants but are difficult to analyze statistically because the data must be coded or reduced in some manner. Closed-ended questions are easy to analyze statistically, but they seriously limit the responses that participants can give.
In addition to the methods listed above some individuals also include qualitative as a distinct method and archival methods when discussing descriptive research methods. It is important to emphasize that descriptive research methods can only describe a set of observations or the data collected. It cannot draw conclusions from that data about which way the relationship goes — Does A cause B, or does B cause A? Nothing could be further from the truth. Research Methods and Statistics: A Critical Thinking Approach 3rd edition.
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A descriptive case study is one that is focused and detailed, in which propositions and questions about a phenomenon are carefully scrutinized and articulated at the outset.
Descriptive research methods are pretty much as they sound -- they describe situations. They do not make accurate predictions, and they do not determine cause and effect. There are three main types of descriptive methods: observational methods, case-study methods and survey methods.
Case Study Method. This module describes the case study method of descriptive research and its uses. Learning Objectives: Define case study research. List reasons researchers use the case study method; Explain the how data is recorded when using the case study method. Describe the benefits and limitations of using the case study method. The case study research design is also useful for testing whether scientific theories and models actually work in the real world. You may come out with a great computer model for describing how the ecosystem of a rock pool works but it is only by trying it out on a real life pool that you can see if .
Descriptive research is a study designed to depict the participants in an accurate way. More simply put, descriptive research is all about describing people who take part in the study. Case studies are a popular research method in business area. Case studies aim to analyze specific issues within the boundaries of a specific environment, situation or organization. According to its design, case studies in business research can be divided into three .