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Research Paper on the Trail of Tears

The Cherokee

❶The new white settlers in the U.

Geographic and Climatological Characteristics of the Trail of Tears

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The Trail of Tears Essay

According to Perdue , the Trail of Tears is regarded as one of the tragic eras in the U. This is also considered as the beginning of the Indian extermination by the U. After the American Revolution and the eventual creation of the U. However, the white settlers were mostly interested in the resources of rich and productive land under the occupation of the Indians. As a result, the U. The Indians were moved to the west in an exodus that would ensure the new American settlers continued growing and prospering in their new country.

The most famous of those forced from their native land by the U. These tribes constituted the majority of more than 60, Indians driven out of their land and they were distinguished from other Indian populations due to their leadership forms and organization. They had functional social systems based on property ownership, government offices and established schools much like in Europe Perdue, The Trail of Tears created a period of immeasurable misery and despair among the Indians who were being relocated against their wishes.

In order to relocate the Indian tribes swiftly and effectively, the Indians tribes were prearranged into wretched and miserable traveling caravans. During the trail, the Indians passed through horrible living conditions that were unbearable, for instance, the Indians slept in the mud, lacked shelter and enough food. On the other hand, they were usually forced to march in chains or manacles.

Self- appointed representitives of the Cherokee nation negotiated the Treaty of New Echota in Many of the Cherokee people did not agree with the treaty. General Scott and his soldiers forced the native people out of their homes at bayonet point while they ransacked their belongings and homes.

Diseases and epidemics during the march were dysentery, whopping cough, typhus, cholera, and starvation. With an estimate of at least 5, fatalities. Coerced by the U. Army, during the years to an estimate of , Native Indians were relocated to west of the Mississippi River. Some were even transported in chains. Department of the Interior, 28 Mar.

Cherokees originally occupied several states in the southeast. The year that gold was found on Cherokee land, , was also the the the Indian Removal Act was passed. Georgia even held lotteries to give land and gold rights to whites. At the same time Cherokees were not allowed to conduct tribal business, contract, testify in court against whites, or mine for gold.

A minority of Cherokees felt that it was useless fight, and that they might survive if they signed a treaty with the U. In December of , the U. Only to Cherokees were present, and none of them were elected officials of the Cherokees Nation. Twenty Cherokees signed the Treaty of Echota, surrendering all land east of the Mississippi to the U. Over 15, Cherokees protested the treaty that was illegal. Even though they protested, by just one vote, the U. Senate ratified the treaty on May 23rd, May , Federal troops and militias rounded up the Cherokee people into stockades.

People feel bad when they leave Old Nation. Womens cry and make sad wails. Children cry and many men cry…but they say nothing and just put heads down and keep on go towards West. Many days pass and people die very much. Missionary doctor Elizur Butler, who accompanied the Cherokees, estimated that over 4, died. Just about a fifth of the Cherokee population were deceased. The Cherokee people had no equal protection under the law and could not prevent being removed from their homes on the Trail of Tears.

In , gold was discovered in Cherokee land. The government ignored the fact that it belonged to the Cherokees and gave away large portions of the space in a lottery. In the end, the loss was tremendous. In all, thousands of Native Americans died. Out of the Cherokees, 4, were killed. Out of the Choctaws, 3, were killed approximately. She died on the first of February , in Little Rock Arkansas. She had given her only blanket to a cold child, thus dying of the cold.

However, despite the damage, the Cherokees managed to rebuild. After John Ross was selected as Principle Chief, they began to found their nation once more. Tahlequah Oklahoma was chosen as the capital city, and they started the attempt to go back to normal.

Today, tribute is given to help commemorate this tragedy. Old Cherokee buildings and other sites are being preserved, and in , Congress opened a Historical Trail of Tears Trail that people are allowed to visit.

The government has also granted money to the Cherokee groups around today. The Cherokee nation itself still exists, though the numbers have dwindled over the years. Also, the 1, Cherokees who escaped the Trail formed together to create the Eastern Band of Cherokees, which is receiving relief funds today. The Native Americans suffered greatly throughout American history, and the Trail of Tears is a tragic example of it.

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The Cherokees and the Trail of Tears research paper is to be written as an argument that the Americans were excessively brutal to the Cherokee/Choctaw Indians in American History, and the Trail of Tears, was an unjust and unfair way to gain land.

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- To many the trail of tears has no meaning or relevance in their life, but for some the Trail of Tears has great meaning since many of the native ancestors endured the hardships of this time. In the s, Native Americans occupied many acres of land in Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, and .

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Essay Paper on The Trail of Tears The Trail of Tears stands for one of the most tragic periods in the history of the US. It was the beginning of extermination of Indian tribe – the Cherokee. Trail of Tears Research Paper In , Andrew Jackson, signed the Indian Removal Act. This act allowed the government to trade the Native’s land east of the Mississippi for the for land in Oklahoma.