Here introduction serves as a crucial outlining part, which presents your topic to the reader. While creating an introduction for a research paper students frequently get lost in the consistency of their thoughts. But following the structure and simple rules, you will succeed with your essay writing.
Your topic is basically the fundament of any writing you prepare. Regarding, from which angle you look at your topic, it will reflect different aspects and it is always important to capitalize title properly to make it look even better.
There is no secret on how to start a research paper intro: This is a perfect strategy to intrigue the reader. It is recommended to start with general info and then narrowing down to some concrete aspects.
Try not to deepen into a state of things in the beginning, but explain your view on the topic. If you are going to use some difficult expressions in the central part of an essay, make them clear to any reader and point out their connection with your topic.
Developing your statement in the main body, you will need some literature sources to refer to. While your idea can sound a bit subjectively, if you maintain it with citations extracted from works of famous scientists, authors or philosophers, you will prove your point. Your introduction should briefly state what the literature will be about. In the introduction, you are attempting to inform the reader about the rationale behind the work, and to justify why your work is essential in the field.
The introduction does not have a strict word limit, unlike the abstract , but it should be as concise as possible. For a longer research paper , where you use an outline , it can be useful to structure your introduction around the outline. Here are a few outline examples. The introduction gives an overall review of the paper, but does address a few slightly different issues from the abstract. It works on the principle of introducing the topic of the paper and setting it in a broader context, gradually narrowing the topic down to a research problem , thesis and hypothesis.
You should assume that your paper is aimed at someone with a good working knowledge of your particular field. A behavioral science paper only needs to mention Pavlov and Skinner in passing, as their theories are standard for any first year undergraduate. Like in any good Hollywood movie, the first task of the introduction is to set the scene. This gives your paper a context and allows readers to see how it fits in with previous research in the field.
This section, comprising the first paragraphs of your introduction, can be based around a historical narrative, chronologically outlining the very first research in the field to the current day. In many fields, this could make up an entire essay in itself, so be careful to stick to only relevant information.
The background then leads into the rationale behind the research, revealing whether it is building upon previous research, looking at something that everybody else has overlooked, or improving upon a previous research project that delivered unclear results. This section can then flow into how you are going to fill the gap, laying out your objectives and methodology.
You are trying to predict what impact your research will have and the consequences of rejecting or accepting the null hypothesis. The introduction is the place to highlight any weaknesses in the experiment from the start. For example, an ideal experiment should have perfectly randomized samples , but there are many good reasons why this is not always possible.
As long as you warn the reader about this, so that they are aware of the shortcomings, then they can easily judge the validity of the research for themselves. This is much better than making them wait until you point the weaknesses out in the discussion. Avoid subjects that are too technical, learned, or specialized. Avoid topics that have only a very narrow range of source materials.
For general or background information, check out useful URLs , general information online , almanacs or encyclopedias online such as Britannica.
Use search engines and other search tools as a starting point. Pay attention to domain name extensions, e. These sites represent institutions and tend to be more reliable, but be watchful of possible political bias in some government sites.
Network Solutions provides a link where you can find out what some of the other extensions stand for. Be wary of the millions of personal home pages on the Net. The quality of these personal homepages vary greatly. Learning how to evaluate websites critically and to search effectively on the Internet can help you eliminate irrelevant sites and waste less of your time. The recent arrival of a variety of domain name extensions such as.
Many of the new extensions have no registration restrictions and are available to anyone who wishes to register a distinct domain name that has not already been taken. For instance, if Books. Check out online resources, Web based information services, or special resource materials on CDs:.
Check out public and university libraries, businesses, government agencies, as well as contact knowledgeable people in your community. Bookmark your favorite Internet sites. Printout, photocopy, and take notes of relevant information. As you gather your resources, jot down full bibliographical information author, title, place of publication, publisher, date of publication, page numbers, URLs, creation or modification dates on Web pages, and your date of access on your work sheet, printout, or enter the information on your laptop or desktop computer for later retrieval.
If printing from the Internet, it is wise to set up the browser to print the URL and date of access for every page. Remember that an article without bibliographical information is useless since you cannot cite its source. Most research papers normally require a thesis statement. If you are not sure, ask your teacher whether your paper requires it. A thesis statement is a main idea, a central point of your research paper. The arguments you provide in your paper should be based on this cenral idea, that is why it is so important.
Do some critical thinking and write your thesis statement down in one sentence. Your research paper thesis statement is like a declaration of your belief. The main portion of your essay will consist of arguments to support and defend this belief. It is impossible to create a thesis statement immediately when you have just started fulfilling your assignment.
Before you write a thesis statement, you should collect, organize and analyze materials and your ideas. You cannot make a finally formulated statement before you have completed your reseach paper. It will naturally change while you develop your ideas.
Stay away from generic and too fuzzy statements and arguments. Use a particular subject. The paper should present something new to the audience to make it interesting and educative to read. Avoid citing other authors in this section. Present your own ideas in your own words instead of simply copying from other writers. If you have time and opportunity, show it to your instructor to revise.
Otherwise, you may estimate it yourself. A well-prepared thesis means well-shaped ideas. It increases credibility of the paper and makes good impression about its author. More helpful hints about Writing a Research Paper. An informal outline working outline is a tool helping an author put down and organize their ideas. It is subject to revision, addition and canceling, without paying much attention to form.
In a formal outline, numbers and letters are used to arrange topics and subtopics. The letters and numbers of the same kind should be placed directly under one another. The topics denoted by their headings and subheadings should be grouped in a logical order. All points of a research paper outline must relate to the same major topic that you first mentioned in your capital Roman numeral. The purpose of an outline is to help you think through your topic carefully and organize it logically before you start writing.
A good outline is the most important step in writing a good paper. Check your outline to make sure that the points covered flow logically from one to the other.
The introduction gives an overall review of the paper, but does address a few slightly different issues from the abstract. It works on the principle of introducing the topic of the paper and setting it in a broader context, gradually narrowing the topic down to a research problem, thesis and hypothesis.
Research paper introduction example. Finally, when we have analyzed all highlights of introduction writing we can gather all parts of it in one, ultimate part of a paper.
NOTE: Even though the introduction is the first main section of a research paper, it is often useful to finish the introduction late in the writing process because the structure of the paper, the reporting and analysis of results, and the conclusion will have been completed. Though introduction to any writing is frequently associated with beginning, this is not about an introduction to a research paper. Here introduction serves as a crucial outlining part, which presents your topic to the reader.
Writing an engaging introduction is not less important than conducting research or providing a high-quality context in your paper. In fact, a great intro is even more important for your success! An opening clause that attracts attention and keeps the reader engaged is the key to success. HOW TO WRITE AN EFFECTIVE RESEARCH PAPER • Getting ready with data • First draft Note good and bad writing styles in the literature. Some are simple and easy to follow, some are just too complex. Introduction • Start the section with a general background of the topic.