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APA Citation Guide

In-Text Citations: The Basics

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When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , 6 th ed.

Reference citations in text are covered on pages of the Publication Manual. What follows are some general guidelines for referring to the works of others in your essay. APA style requires authors to use the past tense or present perfect tense when using signal phrases to describe earlier research, for example, Jones found or Jones has found When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, Jones, , and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

If you are referring to an idea from another work but NOT directly quoting the material, or making reference to an entire book, article or other work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication and not the page number in your in-text reference. All sources that are cited in the text must appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

If you are directly quoting from a work, you will need to include the author, year of publication, and page number for the reference preceded by "p.

Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author's last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses. According to Jones , "Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time" p.

Jones found "students often had difficulty using APA style" p. If the author is not named in a signal phrase, place the author's last name, the year of publication, and the page number in parentheses after the quotation. Place direct quotations that are 40 words or longer in a free-standing block of typewritten lines and omit quotation marks. The parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. If you are paraphrasing an idea from another work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference, but APA guidelines encourage you to also provide the page number although it is not required.

According to Jones , APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners. APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners Jones, , p.

Purdue Online Writing Lab. Home Help with common issues and questions with APA 6th ed. Used within the social sciences including business, education, psychology, and social work and health sciences including nursing, exercise physiology, occupational therapy, and physical therapy. Used within the humanities including English, history, communication, etc.

Used within the field of history. Writing Help Having trouble with getting started on your paper? Good Word Guide by Martin Manser This fully updated edition of the bestselling Good Word Guide offers information and advice on spelling, grammar, punctuation, pronunciation, confusables and the latest buzzwords, and provides clear, straightforward answers to everyday language problems.

Ethically Use Sources - information on the College's academic honesty policy and turnitin, an online tool to detect where sources need to be cited NOTE: This guide is in no way a replacement for the actual manual, which is several hundred pages long, and can be found in the Library on reserve or at a bookstore near you.

Also feel free to talk with a librarian for more help. Atomic Learning Many short tutorials on all aspects of APA from how to create a title page to compiling your references. Citation Machine Interactive web tool designed to assist students in their effort to respect other people's intellectual properties.

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Every article/source mentioned in the paper and used in your study should be referenced and have an entry. The American Psychological Association’s guidelines do not specify how to cite sheet music. We suggest following the book format when citing sheet music. Our EasyBib APA citation generator cites your dictionary entries.

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Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list.

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APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. Help with common issues and questions with APA 6th ed. Citation Style. Put the information about the source in parentheses in the text of your paper as opposed to a footnote where the source information is at the bottom of the page or an endnote where it goes at the end of your paper. What is a secondary source? A secondary source .

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APA Citation Guide: In-Text Citations (How to Cite Within your Paper) Learn the intricacies of APA Citation Style. APA is the citation style used by the Health Professions, Sciences, and Social Sciences. Dec 20,  · How to Cite a Research Paper in APA. Citing a research paper as a source for an essay can be tricky, as you may not be sure what information you have to include to do it properly. If you are using APA format for your essay, you will need %(1).