On August 23, , in a decision favorable to proponents of ES cell research, the U. Court of Appeals for the D. The Supreme Court declined to hear the appeal in an announcement on January 7, The announcement allows the decision of the appeals court to stand. Bills such as the Stem Cell Research Advancement Act, which would permit funding for research on stem cells derived from embryos produced but ultimately not used for in vitro fertilization, have been regularly introduced in the House and Senate since , but no legislation has been enacted.
The debate over stem cell research continues to be fought at the state level. As described in this analysis by the National Conference of State Legislatures, some states encourage embryonic stem cell research, while others ban such research in whole or in part.
Over the past several years, there has been a heightened focus on ensuring the Food and Drug Administration FDA is equipped to properly and efficiently review the safety and effectiveness of the treatments arising from this rapidly evolving category of medicine.
In , Congress passed and President Obama signed into law a bill that includes provisions designed to facilitate FDA regulatory review and approval of regenerative therapies. More information on the 21 st Century Cures Act can be found here. Timeline of major events in stem cell policy. Anti-abortion groups also oppose research on stem cells derived from aborted fetuses. They reject the argument that since abortion is already legal and women will have them, that stem cells should be used from aborted fetuses because they would otherwise go to waste.
Pope John Paul II has offered one argument designed to address just these sorts of questions when he wrote:. A free and virtuous society, which America aspires to be, must reject practices that devalue and violate human life at any stage from conception until natural death. But other critics of stem cell research support research on aborted fetuses, since those fetuses are already dead, yet oppose the destruction of embryos, because they consider the embryos to be alive — or at least have the potential to become a human being.
Some groups that do not oppose abortion are uneasy about the prospect of studying tissues derived from aborted fetuses or discarded embryos.
For example, the United Methodist church supports abortions rights, but opposes the research industry's demand for embryos. Many ethicists and scientists also oppose embryonic research. In a July statement, bioethicists, scientists and legal scholars said they objected to embryonic stem cell research on the grounds that such research is both unethical and unnecessary. Some of these critics argue that recent research showing that adult stem cells may be more versatile than previously thought, say scientists may soon be able to derive stem cells from adults.
Those who are opposed to this research also believe that their tax dollars should not go to supporting the research regardless of whether or not the research is permitted. Most critics of the embryo research ban contend that week-old blastocysts are not human beings, and that destroying those embryos does not constitute killing. At one week, embryos are merely a cluster of cells and not deserving of the protections afforded to others, they say.
When conceived naturally, a blastocyst has not been implanted in the uterus by that time. Most scientists argue that an embryo is not a person until it is at least two weeks old, when it develops a so-called primitive streak, the first evidence of a nervous system.
Aug 09, · The Case Against Stem Cell Research Opponents of research on embryonic cells, including many religious and anti-abortion groups, contend that embryos are human beings with the same rights — and thus entitled to the same protections against abuse — as anyone else.
Mar 15, · Researchers in the UK are now allowed to use early stage human embryos for therapeutic purposes, mainly to retrieve stem cells. This decision comes amidst a heated debate regarding the medical and economic potential of stem cell research as against its ethical pitfalls.
Embryonic stem cell research has the greatest promise. Up to now, no human being has ever been cured of a disease using embryonic stem cells. Adult stem cells, on the other hand, have already cured thousands. Sep 05, · At the same time, many scientists say that embryonic stem cell research is necessary to unlock the promise of stem cell therapies since embryonic stem cells can develop into any cell type in the human body. In late , researchers in the United States and Japan succeeded in reprogramming adult skin cells to act like embryonic .
The final arguments against stem cell research deal with the actual cost of such treatments is simply too high to be implemented on a large scale. Stem cell research pros and cons have gained a lot of attention lately due to President Obama lifting a ban on stem cell research. What are the arguments against stem cell research? Stem Cell Research I strongly oppose human cloning, as do most Americans. We recoil at the idea of growing human beings for spare body parts, or creating life for our convenience.